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期中专题复习--词汇运用(含答案) 人教版英语九年级全册

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期中专题复习--词汇运用(含答案) 人教版英语九年级全册
一、根据汉语提示填空
1.Since our learning burden (负担) was reduced, we have much more time to develop (我们自己的能力).
2.Peter, could you please tell me your (电子邮件地址)
3.I live next to the supermarket. It's very (便利的) for me to buy things.
4.When you travel abroad, you can hardly avoid (买)products made in China.
5.Tom was (缺席)from classes yesterday because he caught a cold.
6.He (避免) talking with strangers while he was out.
7.Qingdao is (广泛地,普遍地)known for Mount Lao.
8.The country was (统一)about 3,000 years ago.
9.We were sailing on the sea when we (发现) the new island.
10.Can you (完成) this sentence in English
11.There is no one to (支持) him.
12.Switzerland lies between France, (德国), Australia and Italy.
13.In Auturmn, the path is usually (覆盖) with golden fallen leaves.
14.The twins’ favorite subject is (化学).
15.I’m not sure . (明天天气是否晴朗)
16.The woman astronaut Wang Yaping got the chance to go into outer space hard training. (凭借)
17.We shouldn’ t p (惩罚) him for the small mistake.
18.When she talked about her son, her eyes were full of (骄傲).
19.The show was (取消)because of the terrible weather.
20.The (当地的)people were really thankful to the doctors who came to help them.
二、短文汉语提示填空
词语运用阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其适当形式填空,使短文通顺、意思完整。请将答案写在短文后相应的横线上。每空限填一词,每词限用一次。方框中有两个词是多余的。
hope, beat, bring, that , careful, I, nervous, excite, surprising, mouth, try, take
When I was 5 years old, I went to the USA with my mom. I can still remember the first Halloween holiday I had in the USA.
On Halloween, we paid a visit to a pumpkin farm in the morning. Each of us 21 a pumpkin to school. I used the pumpkin to make a lantern 22 had two triangle (三角的) eyes and a scary 23 . In the afternoon, we put on the Halloween costurnes(化妆服) and went on parade(游行) in school. Some of the costurnes were nice, but some of them looked scary. I chose to wear a suit of Superman’s clothes.
I did a lot of things on that day, but the part I liked best was “trick or treat” in the evening.
After dinner, I went outside with an empty bag. I 24 to get a lot of candies from people. At first, I was a little 25 , so when I knocked at the door, my heart was 26 very fast. A lady came out, and I said 27 to her, “Trick or treat”. My voice was very low, and even I myself could hardly hear it. To my 28 , the lady was so kind to give me two candy bars. I was so 29 , thanked the lady and moved on. I couldn’t remember how many houses I visited, but I could remember how many candies I got – I got 91 pieces of candy that day. I was so proud of 30 .
What a happy Halloween I had! And I wish that we could have a Halloween every month!
In 1827, a Frenchman named Nièpce needed pictures for his business. 31 (然而), he was not good at art. So he invented a camera which was very 32 (简单的)and put it in a window in his house.
The next important 33 (发展)in the history of photography was in 1837. That year, Daguerre, another French, invented a new kind of camera. 34 (比较)with the first one, you could see everything very clearly, even the 35 (最小的)things in his pictures.
36 (不久), other people began to use Daguerre’s 37 (办法). After 1840, photography developed further. People could take pictures of moving things 38 (虽然)it was still a bit difficult. In the 1880s, new inventions began to change photography. Anyone who wanted to take photos could buy film in boxes, so they did not have to make the film 39 (他们自己).
Photography became a kind of art by the end of the 40 (十九)century. Some photos were not just copies of the real world. They showed ideas and feelings, just as other kinds of art do.
根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。
Cateura, Paraguay, isn’t a common community. It’s next to a landfill where, every day, more than 1.3 41 (百万) kilos of rubbish is left. Cateura doesn’t have much to offer its residents (居民), and there’s very little 42 (机会) for the children who live here.
Favio Chavez wanted to change that. Chavez, who moved there to work 43 (作为) an engineer, wanted to bring music to the community’s children. He began giving 44 (功课) with donated instruments. So many children were interested that he quickly ran out. So, he decided to use the neighborhood’s rubbish to 45 (创造) new ones. Violins were made from cans, 46 (木制的) spoons and forks. Cellos (大提琴) were made from large oil drums. Everything came from the landfill. And so, the Recycled Orchestra (管弦乐队) was born. The orchestra’s first concert was held for the 47 (自豪的) parents of its members. But word 48 (传播) about these talented musicians. 49 (不久), they performed around Paraguay, and later, they 50 (旅行) to Brazil for a concert. Before long, their music was being played around the world.
Have you ever heard about “E-sticks” People 51 (很少)connect sticks with GPS. Wang Zikuan, a 52 (青少年) from Shenzhen China, made a big difference by inventing the walking sticks for the elderly people. Zikuan found that elderly people always get hurt badly or hit 53 (碰;撞) things when they walked around. Inspired by car alarm system, he built a sensor(感应器)into his walking sticks. If the stick comes within 25 cm of a wall or other things, it will sound an alarm to 54 (警告)the user. The stick’s GPS system also allows users to be found if they get lost.
His teacher Mr. Zhang noticed his talent and 55 (建议)that he should take part in an inventing competition, which was organized by the 56 (当地的)government. After trying for many times, he finally made it and won the first place in the competition. Now the walking sticks are 57 (广泛地)used by the old and the disabled. Many accidents are 58 (避免) with the help of the walking sticks.
Zikuan’s parents took 59 (骄傲)in what he had done. In order to develop Zikuan’s creativity, his parents always encourage him to think of more ideas that are well 60 (值得) considering and take him to different invention fairs.
61.Are you left-handed If you are, you make up just 10% of the world’s population. Most people write and play musical instruments with their right hands.
Why are so few people left-handed A new theory, called “cooperation (合作) vs competition” may have the answer. When making tools for a right-handed person — like a knife — it was easier if everybody could use the same hand. But some humans wanted to compete instead. So to have an advantage over right-handed people, they would use their left hand to surprise competitors.
German born American scientist Albert Einstein, British physicist Isaac Newton and British biologist Charles Darwin are some famous “lefties”. At least six US presidents were left-handed, including Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, and Harry Truman.
“Lefties” are also often linked with creativity and visual (视觉) skills.
How can this be Well, the left side of our brain is where we solve problems. The right side of our brain is where we develop creativity. Right-handers tend (倾向) to use the left side more than the right side.
“This is why there are more of them in creative areas, such as music, art and writing,” said Alan Searleman, PhD, from St. Lawrence University, New York.
They tend to have worse memories, often forgetting names and places.
Almost every child in cities has the chance to go to school. 62
Xiao Hua is 8 years old and lives in a small village in Sichuan. 63
But he couldn’t. His family was too poor to afford his school costs. Xiao Hua had to stay at home and helped his parents with farm work. Then the Hope Project heard about his stories. 64 His wish came true, and now he is studying in a primary school.
65 You can join in the Hope Project to show your love to them. Those children need your help.
300 yuan can pay for one child to go to school for a whole year. With more money, the Hope Project can build new schools, buy good books and other school things. 66 We believe our effort can give them a chance to have a good start in life.
从方框中所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,补全短文。其中有一项为多余选项。
三、多句选词填空
根据语境,选择恰当的短语完成下列各句。短语中有一个为多余短语。
at night look for take care of too much belongs to look up to
67. attention and pressure are harmful to a child’s development.
68.To the old and care for the young is a good Chinese tradition.
69.At the Night Safari in Singapore, a lot of animals only wake up .
70.Many teenagers national heroes and dream to become like them.
71.President Xi said, “The future the young people and our hopes also rest with them.”
根据句意选用正确单词并以其适当时态填空。
read translate tie not return marry
72.—Simon, I saw you in the reading room just now.
—I the article into English, so I didn’t see you.
73.Tony a beautiful woman the other day.
74.Look! The police the thief to a big tree.
75.No one except the twins one of the four great classical Chinese novels recently.
76.Students can’t borrow books if they books on time.
strong hero smell divide opposite
77.The cookies on the table so good that I’d like to have a try at once.
78.The big old tree my school has left many sweet memories for me.
79.Rubbish should into different kinds of groups before we throw it away.
80.Zhang Guimei was one of China’s encouraging for her contribution to education.
81.In the China-US High-level Dialogue, Chinese officials showed our attitudes about national benefits.
请根据句意从方框中选择合适的动词,并用其适当时态填空,使句子通顺。
make read feel write have
82.I wonder if we a trip after the monthly test is over.
83.The programme they last is really useful.
84.In Spring, the wind soft and gentle.
85.Mr. Smith a report morning but I don’t know whether he has finished it.
86.I like novels written by J.K. Rowling. I all her works about Harry Potter so far.
仔细阅读下面五个句子,然后用下面方框中所给的单词或短语填空,使句子在结构,句义和逻辑上正确。(提示:选项中有两个是多余的)
mess; deal; call up; stress; hurt ; missed; call at
87.If your head and neck still tomorrow, then go to a doctor.
88.We can each 10 students and ask them to come.
89.She won’t be happy if she sees this .
90.Although she’s wrong, it’s not a big .
91.I ran to the bus stop but I still the bus.
根据句意,选择方框内的词语,用其适当形式填空。
include downstairs necessary knowledge on one’s own
92.Let’s go to have a rest in the small café.
93.It’s true that is power. So we need to study hard.
94.As students, it’s for us all to follow all the school rules.
95.A hundred people died in the traffic accident, three Americans.
96.My parents have gone to Beijing on business. I have to cook meals .
参考答案:
1.our own abilities
【详解】句意:由于我们的学习负担减轻了,我们有更多的时间来发展自己的能力。our “我们的”,形容词性物主代词;own“自己的”,形容词,放在形容词性物主代词后面;ability“能力”,名词,此处泛指我们自己的各种方面的能力,应用复数。故填our own abilities。
2.e-mail address
【详解】句意:Peter,你能告诉我你的邮件地址吗?“邮件地址”名词短语e-mail address。故填e-mail address。
3.convenient
【详解】句意:我住在超市的旁边。对我来说买东西非常方便。此处构成“It’s+形容词+for sb to do sth”句型,意为“做某事对某人来说是……的”,故此处用形容词,故填convenient。
4.buying
【详解】句意:当你出国旅行的时候,你几乎不能避免买在中国制造的产品。短语avoid doing sth.表示“避免做某事”。“买”对应的英文是“buy”,故填buying。
5.absent
【详解】句意:汤姆昨天没来上课,因为他感冒了。absent“缺席的”,形容词作表语,故填absent。
6.avoided
【详解】句意:他外出时避免与陌生人交谈。avoid“避免”,根据“while he was out”可知,是一般过去时,动词用过去式,故填avoided。
7.widely
【详解】句意:青岛以崂山而众所周知。“广泛地,普遍地”可用widely表示;be known for表示“以……而闻名”,此空修饰动词,应使用副词形式。故填widely。
8.united
【详解】句意:这个国家大约在3000年前被统一。united“统一”,国家与统一之间是被动关系,用一般过去时的被动语态,was/were done,故填united。
9.discovered
【详解】句意:我们在海上航行时发现了那个新岛屿。discover“发现”,根据“were sailing”及when可知,从句用一般过去时,故填discovered。
10.complete
【详解】句意:你能用英语完成这句话吗?分析句子结构可知,此句为“Can”引导的一般疑问句,空处所缺的是动词,且用原形。根据题干括号中的词语“完成”可知,用“complete”。故填complete。
11.support
【详解】解析:句意:没有人支持他。“支持”的英文是:support,故答案填support。
12.Germany
【详解】句意:瑞士位于法国、德国、澳大利亚和意大利之间。根据“Switzerland lies between France,..., Australia and Italy.”和中文提示可知,瑞士在法国、德国、澳大利亚和意大利之间,空处需填专有名词,Germany“德国”,专有名词,国家名称首字母需大写。故填Germany。
13.covered
【详解】句意:在秋天,小路上通常覆盖着金黄色的落叶。根据括号内词义,表达“覆盖”用单词cover,结合句意分析句子结构可知,横线处与is一起构成被动语态,所以横线处填动词的过去分词covered。短语be covered with意为“被……所覆盖,覆盖着,盖满”。故填covered。
14.chemistry
【详解】句意:这对双胞胎最喜欢的科目是化学。根据汉语提示可知,“化学”英文表达是“chemistry”。故填chemistry。
15.if it will be sunny tomorrow/whether it will be sunny tomorrow
【详解】句意:我不确定明天天气是否晴朗。if/whether“是否”;it指代天气,作从句主语;sunny“晴朗的”,形容词作表语;tomorrow“明天”。根据汉语可推知,时态要用一般将来时,will be作谓语。故填if it will be sunny tomorrow/whether it will be sunny tomorrow。
16.through
【详解】句意:女宇航员王亚萍通过艰苦的训练获得了进入太空的机会。介词through意为“凭借”,故填through。
17.punish
【详解】句意:我们不应该因为这个小错误而惩罚他。
空处的词在情态动词shouldn’ t之后,应为动词原形;结合汉语提示可知,空处的词应是动词punish,故答案为punish。
18.pride
【详解】句意:当她谈起儿子时,眼里充满了自豪。pride“骄傲”,是名词,放在介词 of后作宾语,故填pride。
19.cancelled
【详解】句意:由于天气恶劣,演出被取消了。分析句子及所给汉意可知,填空处应为动词cancel“取消”,主语和谓语之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,应为被动语态,构成为be +动词过去分词,故此处应用过去分词形式。故填cancelled。
20.local
【详解】句意:当地人非常感谢前来帮助他们的医生。local“当地的”,此处作形容词,修饰名词“people”,故填local。
21.brought 22.that 23.mouth 24.hoped 25.nervous 26.beating 27.carefully 28.surprise 29.excited 30.myself
【分析】这篇短文中作者主要记述了自己在万圣节期间的一些活动。我们在上午去农场,中午参加游行,晚上玩游戏。
21.句意:我们每一人都带着一个南瓜去学校了。短语bring sth to +地点“带着某物去某地”。根据I used the pumpkin to make a lantern   2  had two triangle (三角的) eyes and a scary   3  .可知,这里句子的动词used是一般过去时,所以空格处也应该用一般过去时。故答案brought.
22.句意:我用那个南瓜做成了一个有三角眼和有一张吓人的嘴的灯笼。  2  had two triangle (三角的) eyes and a scary   3  .是定语从句,空格后是动词,所以这里缺少的是句子的主语,先行词是lantern灯笼,指物,that指物,故答案that.
23.句意:我用那个南瓜做成了一个有三角眼和有一张吓人的嘴的灯笼。根据a scary___,可知在脸部只有一个的是鼻子和嘴,所给单词是mouth,故答案mouth.
24.句意:我希望从人们那里得到一些糖果。根据After dinner, I went outside with an empty bag. 可知,带着袋子出去希望带回来一些糖果。句子动词went是一般过去时,所以空格处也应该用一般过去时。故答案hoped.
25.句意:起初我有点紧张,所以当我敲门的时候,我的心跳的很快。根据My voice was very low, and even I myself could hardly hear it.可知,作者当时是很紧张的,声音很低。故答案nervous.
26.句意:起初我有点紧张,所以当我敲门的时候,我的心跳的很快。人紧张的时候,心跳就会加速。故答案beating.
27.句意:一位女士走出来我小心地说“Trick or treat”. 空格处的词修饰前面的动词said,所以应该用副词来修饰,careful是形容词,carefully副词。故答案carefully.
28.句意:令我吃惊的是,那位女士那么的好心给了我两块糖。to one’s surprise令某人吃惊的是。故答案surprise.
29.句意:我很高兴,感谢那位女士,继续走。excite是动词“使……兴奋”,空格前有was,空格处应该用形容词,exciting令人兴奋的。这里是人感到兴奋用形容词excited,故答案excited.
30.句意:我以自己为骄傲。短语be proud of sb以某人为自豪;I是主格,空格处缺少的是宾语,作宾语的代词,因为句子的主语是I,所以空格处指我自己(myself)。故答案myself.
31.However 32.easy 33.development 34.Compared 35.smallest 36.Soon 37.way/method 38.though/although 39.themselves 40.nineteenth
【分析】本文主要介绍了摄影术的发展历史,重点介绍了每个历史阶段的人物以及每个阶段的照相机的特征。
31.句意:然而,他不擅长艺术。空后有逗号,表示“然而”用however,放在句首,首字母大写。故填However。
32.句意:他发明了一个很简单的照相机,把它放到他房子的一个窗户里。be动词后用形容词作表语,简单的:easy。故填easy。
33.句意:历史上摄影下一个重要的发展在1837年。important后加名词,发展:development,不可数名词。故填development。
34.句意:和第一个相比,你可以很清晰地看到所有东西。比较:compare,句中已有谓语动词,故此处用非谓语动词,此处表示新型的照相机和第一个相比,表示“被比较”,用过去分词compared表示被动,放句首,首字母大写。故填Compared。
35.句意:你可以非常清晰地看到所有的东西,甚至是照片里最小的东西。最小的:smallest,定冠词the后加形容词的最高级。故填smallest。
36.句意:不久,其他人开始使用Daguerre的方法。不久:soon,副词,放句首,首字母大写。故填Soon。
37.句意:不久,其他人开始使用Daguerre的方法。方法:way/method,此处指Daguerre的方法,名词用单数。故填way/method。
38.句意:人们可以给一些移动的东西拍照,虽然有一些困难。虽然:though/although,引导让步状语从句。故填though/although。
39.句意:所以他们不必自己制作电影。他们自己:themselves,make sth. oneself“某人自己做……”,固定用法。故填themselves。
40.句意:摄影在十九世纪末成为一种艺术。由语境可知此处表示“第十九世纪”,用序数词,第十九:nineteenth。故填nineteenth。
41.million 42.chance 43.as 44.lessons 45.create 46.wooden 47.proud 48.spread 49.Soon 50.traveled/travelled
【分析】本文是记叙文,讲述了巴西音乐家Favio Chavez为改变社区环境,用废弃垃圾制作乐器,把音乐带给社区孩子们的故事。
41.句意:它紧挨着一个垃圾填埋场,那里每天会留下130多万公斤的垃圾。million百万;millions of表盖指,million前面有数字修饰时用单数,故填million。
42.句意:卡图拉没有什么可以提供给居民的,住在这里的孩子们也没有什么机会。chance机会;little几乎没有,表否定,后接不可数名词,故填chance。
43.句意:查韦斯搬到那里当工程师,他想把音乐带给社区的孩子们。as作为;work as担任……工作,是固定短语,故填as。
44.句意:他开始用捐赠的乐器授课。lesson功课;give lessons/give a lesson授课,都是固定短语;结合题干可知用复数形式,故填lessons。
45.句意:所以,他决定用邻居的垃圾来制作一些新的乐器。create创造;use sth. to do用某物做某事,是固定结构,可知用不定式,故填create。
46.句意:小提琴是由罐头、木制汤匙和叉子制成的。wooden木制的;分析句子可知,设空处修饰名词spoons,需用形容词,故填wooden。
47.句意:管弦乐队的第一场音乐会是为其成员自豪的父母举行的。proud自豪的;parents父母,名词需用形容词修饰,故填proud。
48.句意:但是关于这些天才音乐家的消息传开了。本句缺谓语动词,根据短文时态是一般过去时,可知用动词过去式;spread的过去式不变,故填spread。
49.句意:不久,他们在巴拉圭巡回演出,后来,他们前往巴西参加音乐会。soon不久;根据汉语提示可知用soon作时间状语,位于句首需大写首字母,故填Soon。
50.句意:不久,他们在巴拉圭巡回演出,后来,他们前往巴西参加音乐会。travel旅行;and连接并列结构,前后时态需一致;设空处作谓语,根据上文“they performed around Paraguay”是一般过去时,可知这里用travel的过去式,故填traveled/travelled。
51.seldom 52.teenager 53.against 54.warn 55.suggested/advised 56.local 57.widely 58.avoided 59.pride 60.worth
【分析】本文是新闻类阅读,报道了中国深圳少年王子宽的新发明——“电子拐杖”的原理、功用、发明过程和积极影响。
51.句意:人们很少把手杖和GPS连接起来。分析句子结构,设空处作状语,结合单词提示,可知seldom“很少”表频率,故填seldom。
52.句意:来自中国深圳的少年王子宽发明了一种给老人用的拐杖。本句缺主语,由不定冠词a可知设空处是单数名词,结合汉语提示,故填teenager。
53.句意:子宽发现,老年人在走路的时候,往往会受伤很重,或者撞到东西。hit against sth.撞到某物,固定表达,故填against。
54.句意:如果这个拐杖距离墙壁或其他物体25厘米以内,它就会发出警报来警告使用者。根据题干“it will sound an alarm to…the user”,可知用不定式表目的;结合汉语提示,故填warn。
55.句意:他的老师张先生注意到了他的才华,建议他参加一个由当地政府组织的发明竞赛。and连接并列结构,前后时态需一致;根据上文“His teacher Mr.Zhang noticed his talent”和汉语提示,可知设空处用动词过去式,故填suggested/advised。
56.句意:他的老师张先生注意到了他的才华,建议他参加一个由当地政府组织的发明竞赛。government政府,名词需用形容词修饰;结合汉语提示,故填local。
57.句意:现在,这种拐杖被老年人和残疾人广泛使用。use使用,动词需用副词修饰;widely表示“广泛地”,故填widely。
58.句意:有了这种拐杖的帮助,许多事故都避免了。avoid表示“避免”,分析句子结构,可知主语accidents是动词avoid的受动者,需用“be done”被动语态结构,故填avoided。
59.句意:子宽的父母为他所做的一切感到骄傲。take pride in以……为荣,固定短语,故填pride。
60.句意:为了培养子宽的创造力,他的父母总是鼓励他多想一些值得考虑的点子。be worth doing值得做某事,固定短语,故填worth。
61.【小题1】B 【小题2】A 【小题3】F 【小题4】E 【小题5】C
【分析】试题分析:这篇短文主要解释了左撇子现象,以及大脑两个半球工作的原理.
【小题1】根据上下文意思,如果你是左撇子,那你只占了世界人口的10%,说明我们生活在一个右撇子世界里,因为大多数人写字和弹奏乐器都是用右手,故此题选B。
【小题2】下文将到问什么有如此少的走撇子,这是因为在人类进化当中我们需要在一起合作生活,有些人为了在竞争方面比右撇子更有优势他们就会使用左手,给此题选A。
【小题3】下文讲到是左撇子的几个天才人物,像爱因斯坦、牛顿、达尔文及美国的几任总统,所以此空是主题句,故选F。
【小题4】这段文字讲了人的左右脑的功能问题,为什么左撇子天才较多?因为左撇子比右撇子更平均的使用了左右脑,故选E。
【小题5】下文讲的是左撇子的劣势,他们有比较糟糕的记忆力,给此题选C(对左撇子而言并不是一切都是好的)
考点:短文填空
62.C 63.D 64.E 65.B 66.A
【分析】试题分析:这是一篇关于中国希望工程的说明性短文,虽然文中的小芳得到了帮助,但是还有更多的孩子需要我们的帮助,短语号召我们每个人都伸出帮助之手,来帮助这些孩子们。
62.C根据上文信息Almost every child in cities has the chance to go to school.(几乎在城市的每个孩子都有机会上学)可知此句应选C(但在农村的孩子并不这么幸运)。
63.D根据下文But he couldn’t. (但他不能)可知此空应填D(一年前他想上学)。
64.E根据上文Then the Hope Project heard about his stories.及语境可知希望工程同意帮助他上学,故选E。
65.B根据下文You can join in the Hope Project to show your love to them.可知此举应选B。
66.A根据下文We believe our effort can give them a chance to have a good start in life.可知此举应选A(让我们一起帮助这些儿童)。
考点:故事类短文阅读。
67.Too much 68.take care of 69.at night 70.look up to 71.belongs to
【解析】67.句意:过多的关注和压力对孩子的成长是有害的。根据“...attention and pressure are harmful to a child’s development.”和备选词可知,此处修饰不可数名词,too much“太多”符合语境,句首需大写首字母,故填Too much。
68.句意:尊老爱幼是中国的优良传统。根据“To...the old and care for the young”和备选词可知,此处表示“尊老爱幼”,take care of“照顾”符合语境,用于不定式结构中,故填take care of。
69.句意:在新加坡的夜间野生动物园,很多动物只在晚上醒来。根据“At the Night Safari in Singapore”和备选词可知,在新加坡的夜间野生动物园,所以是晚上醒来,at night“在晚上”符合语境,故填at night。
70.句意:许多青少年崇拜民族英雄,并梦想成为他们那样的人。根据“Many teenagers...national heroes and dream to become like them.”和备选词可知,青少年崇拜民族英雄,look up to“尊敬,崇拜”,时态是一般现在时,主语是复数,动词用原形,故填look up to。
71.句意:习主席说:“未来属于青年,希望寄托在青年身上。”此处在句中作谓语,根据“The future...the young people and our hopes also rest with them.”可知,未来属于青年,belong to“属于”符合语境,时态是一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数,动词用三单。故填belongs to。
72.was translating 73.married 74.are tying 75.has read 76.don’t return
【解析】72.句意:——西蒙,我刚才在阅览室看见你了。——我正在把那篇文章翻译成英文,所以没看见你。根据“the article into English”可知是指翻译文章,translate“翻译”,动词。结合对话语境可知,刚才西蒙正在翻译文章,所以应用过去进行时,主语是I,be动词用was。故填was translating。
73.句意:托尼前几天娶了一个漂亮的女人。根据“the other day.”可知此空应填谓语动词的过去式。结合选词可知,托尼前几天娶了一个漂亮的女人。marry sb“和某人结婚”,marry的过去式为married。故填married。
74.句意:看!警察正把小偷绑在一棵大树上。根据“Look”可知此句是现在进行时。结合选词可知警察把小偷绑在一棵大树上。tie“绑”,动词。The police作主语,be动词用are。故填are tying。
75.句意:最近除了这对双胞胎,没有人读过中国四大古典小说之一。根据“recently”可知本句是现在完成时。结合选词可知,除了这对双胞胎,没有人读过中国四大古典小说之一。read“阅读”,动词。本句主语是except之前的no one,是不定代词作主语,助动词用has。故填has read。
76.句意:如果学生不按时还书,他们就不能借书。根据“Students can’t borrow books if they...books on time.”可知是指如果学生不按时还书,他们就不能借书。return“归还”,动词。if引导的条件状语从句,从句用一般现在时,主语是they,否定助动词用don’t。故填don’t return。
77.smell 78.opposite 79.be divided 80.heroes 81.strongly
【分析】77.句意:桌上的饼干闻起来好香,我想马上尝尝。根据“so good that I’d like to have a try at once.”可知,饼干闻起来好香,选择smell意为“闻起来”;时态是一般现在时,主语是复数,接动词原形,故填smell。
78.句意:学校对面那棵高大的老树给我留下了许多美好的回忆。根据“The big old tree…my school”可知,此处是指学校对面的树。故填opposite。
79.句意:在我们扔掉垃圾之前,垃圾应该被分成不同种类的组。根据“into different kinds of groups”可知,垃圾应该被分类处理;divide意为“(使)分开”;句子是被动语态should be+过去分词,故填be divided。
80.句意:张贵梅因其对教育的贡献而成为中国令人鼓舞的英雄之一。根据“for her contribution to education.”可知,张贵梅应该是英雄人物,hero意为“英雄”;one of+可数名词复数,表示……之一,故填heroes。
81.句意:在中美高级别对话中,中国官员强烈表达了我们对国家利益的态度。根据“showed our attitudes about national benefits.”可知,应该是强烈表达了我们对国家利益的态度。strong意为“强壮的”,形容词;此处需用副词修饰动词,故填strongly。
82.will have 83.made 84.feels 85.was writing 86.have read
【解析】82.句意:我想知道月考结束后我们是否会去旅行。结合选词及“a trip”可知,此处指的是“有一场旅行”,have“有”,主句是一般现在时,从句表达的动作还没有发生,应用一般将来时,故填will have。
83.句意:他们最后制作的节目真的很有用。根据“The programme”及选词可知,此处指的是“制作的节目”,make“制作”,结合“last”可知,动词用过去式,故填made。
84.句意:春天,风感觉很柔和。根据“the wind...soft and gentle.”及选词可知,春风是感觉很柔和,feel“感觉”,是动词,主语是不可数名词,动词用三单形式,故填feels。
85.句意:史密斯先生上午正在写报告,但我不知道他是否写完了。根据“a report morning but I don’t know whether he has finished it.”及选词可知,此处指的是“上午在写报告”,write“写”,描述的动作是过去正在进行的,应用过去进行时,故填was writing。
86.句意:我喜欢J.K.罗琳写的小说。到目前为止,我已经读了她所有关于哈利波特的作品。根据“all her works about Harry Potter so far.”及选词可知,此处指的是“读”,且动词要用现在完成时,主语是I,助动词用have,故填have read。
87.hurt 88.call up 89.mess 90.deal 91.missed
【解析】87.句意:如果明天你的头和脖子还疼,那就去看医生。根据“then go to a doctor”和备选词汇可知,此处指头和脖子还疼,if引导的条件状语从句时态是一般现在时,hurt“感到疼痛”符合句意,故填hurt。
88.句意:我们可以每人叫10个学生来。根据“ask them to come”和备选词汇可知,打电话给学生,can后接动词原形,call up符合句意,故填call up。
89.句意:如果她看到这一团糟,她会不高兴的。根据“She won’t be happy”和备选词汇可知,看见混乱不开心,mess符合句意,故填mess。
90.句意:虽然她错了,但也没什么大不了的。根据“it’s not a big”和备选词汇可知,没什么大不了,a big deal“一个大问题”,故填deal。
91.句意:我跑到公共汽车站,但还是没赶上公共汽车。根据“I ran to the bus stop”和备选词汇可知,没有赶上公交车,句子时态是一般过去时,missed符合句意,故填missed。
92.downstairs 93.knowledge 94.necessary 95.including 96.on my own
【解析】92.句意:我们下楼去小咖啡馆休息一下吧。根据“Let’s go…to have a rest in the small café.”以及所给单词可知,此处指的是“下楼”,go downstairs意为“下楼”,动词短语。故填downstairs。
93.句意:知识就是力量,这是真的。所以我们需要努力学习。根据“So we need to study hard.”以及所给单词可知,此处指的是“知识就是力量”,knowledge意为“知识”,名词作主语。故填knowledge。
94.句意:作为学生,我们都有必要遵守所有的校规。根据“it’s…for us all to follow all the school rules.”以及所给单词可知,此处指的是“有必要遵守校规”,necessary意为“有必要的”,形容词作表语。故填necessary。
95.句意:一百人死于交通事故,包括三名美国人。根据“A hundred people died in the traffic accident, …three Americans.”以及所给单词可知,此处指的是“包括三名美国人”,include意为“包括”,动词和主语“people”之间是主动关系。故填including。
96.句意:我父母去北京出差了。我必须自己做饭。根据“My parents have gone to Beijing on business.”可知,此处指的是“自己做饭”,on my own意为“我自己”。故填on my own。
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